Extracted from Merriam, 2009
It has been often said research is more art than science.
The purpose statement is a restatement of the “gap” in the knowledge base.
Research questions reflect the researcher’s thinking on the most significant factors to study
Research questions are NOT interview questions; these questions are broader, identifying areas to ask questions to ask about.
Problem statement is a carefully crafted essay that lays out the logic of the research study.
In a journal article, the problem statement, introduction to the problem , and sometimes the literature review are often interwoven together.
3 components to the problem statement: 1. Context of the study 2. identification of the gap in the knowledge base 3. making it clear (either explicitly @ implicitly) that this is a significant problem to address
PROBLEM STATEMENT WORKSHEET by Merriam, 2009
In your field, what topic is of interest to you that you could shape into a research study?
What are some of the the things we DO know about this problem/topic from the literature?
What is the GAP in our knowledge/understanding of this phenomenon? That is what is missing from the literature on this topic? That is the PROBLEM of your study (Although we know x,y,z about this phenomenon, we DO NOT KNOW …)
Take the GAP in our knowledge and turn it into a purpose statement. Complete this sentence:
The purpose of this study is to ________________________________________________________________
What are the specific research questions that elaborate your research purpose?
To identify theoretical framework or conceptual framework is to look at The disciplinary orientation — to build your framework, see clues (read literature) from recurring concepts, models, theories, theorists, major writers
The overlap FRAMES (by Merriam, 2009) explain how each element is related to one another.
According to Merriam (2009), having a command of literature early in the process greatly facilitates the shaping of the research problem and at the same time, decisions related to carrying out the study. —- I SO AGREE!!!
If you write down a good quote or idea, record the page number. Begin developing an annotated bibliography! (yes, I am doing that TOO!!)
Knowing when to stop reviewing the literature is as important as knowing where and how to locate sources. How do we know?
a. Recognize that you have covered all of the relevant literature in the area. When this happens 2 or 3 times, you can feel that you have accounted most of the literature. This is a SATURATION POINT ( I have not reach that stage yet)
b. You can cite studies, people, dates and theories – have the command of the literature. It is time to quit ( LOL, hmmm…citing off…hats off to anyone who can do that)
Non probability sampling or also known as purposeful sampling (Patton, 2002) is the method choice for most qualitative research.
Types of purposeful sampling: typical sample, unique sample, maximum variation sampling, convenience sampling, snowball OR chain OR network sampling, theoretical sampling. (I might pick typical sample and maximum variation sampling)
To find the best case study, you should first establish the criteria that will guide case selection and then select a case that meets those criteria. (Criteria from My pre-evaluation form?)
The samples go through TWO levels of sampling.
A sample within the case needs to be selected either before the data collection begins or while the data are being gathered (ongoing sampling) – I am not too late. Still have one week of mid-semester break to figure things out. GRIN!!